Which school of thought in psychology used the method of trained introspection in research studies?

Which
school of thought in psychology used the method of trained introspection in
research studies?

a. phrenology

b. structuralism

c. functionalism

d. psychoanalysis

52. Which
school of thought in psychology hoped to analyze sensations, images, and
feelings into basic elements?

a. phrenology

b. structuralism

c. functionalism

d. psychoanalysis

53. A
person is asked to break down all the different components of taste when biting
into an orange. Which of the following
schools of psychology is this research most likely a part of?

a. psychoanalysis

b. functionalism

c. behaviorism

d. structuralism

54. A person is asked to look at an apple and
then describe the various elements that make up her perception (e.g., color,
shape, size, etc.). Which of the following schools of psychology is this
research most likely a part of?

a. psychoanalysis

b. functionalism

c. behaviorism

d. structuralism

55. _______________
involved the analysis of the basic elements or building blocks of the mind.

a. Functionalism

b. Structuralism

c. Humanism

d. Behaviorism

56. Reliance
on introspection got structuralists into trouble because:

a. despite their training, introspectors often
produced conflicting reports.

b. they failed to generate an intensive
program of research.

c. they emphasized the purpose of behavior, as
opposed to its analysis and description.

d. trained introspection was rejected as being
too objective.

57. _______________ emphasized the purpose of
behavior as opposed to its analysis and description.

a. Structuralism

b. Functionalism

c. Psychoanalysis

d. Behaviorism

58. Who
of the following was a famous functionalist?

a. William James

b. Wilhelm Wundt

c. Sigmund Freud

d. E. B. Titchener

59. The
founder of functionalism was:

a. Sigmund Freud.

b. William James.

c. Wilhelm Wundt.

d. E. B. Titchener.

60. Several middle-school
girls watch their classmates, Jon and Jason, engage in a rough-and-tumble
wrestling match. The attention of the girls seems to intensify the boys’ play.
A psychologist trained in the functionalist
school would wonder:

a. What are the most basic elements of the
boys’ behavior?

b. Do these boys have smaller head bumps
devoted to “cautiousness” than most boys?

c. What is the purpose of rough-and-tumble
play in the adaptive changes of early adolescence?

d. Did these boys experience childhood traumas
that unconsciously cause aggression?

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