Describe how parenting can either result in industry or Inferiority for a child according to Erikson’s Psychosocial crises.

Question 37

All of the following terms are used to help determine abnormal behaviour – EXCEPT

A. atypical

B. maladaptive

C. dysfunctional

D. introversion

Question 38

_______________ disorders are often acquired through classical conditioning

A. anxiety

B. mood

C. psychotic

D. addictive

Question 39

Catatonia is a symptom of

A. an anxiety disorder

B. depression

C. schizophrenia

D. a phobic response

Question 40

According to the mental health continuum, an individual who is experiencing marked

distress, insomnia, constant fatigue and is socially withdrawn would be identified as

A. mentally healthy

B. experiencing mental health problems

C. typical

D. experiencing a mental disorder

SECTION B: Short-answer questions

Question 1 (3 marks)

In terms of adaptive plasticity

a. define Adaptive plasticity

2 marks

Unit 1 Psychology 2017 epsych trial exam www.epsychvce.com

page # 9

b. What causes rerouting of neurons to occur?

1 mark

Question 2 (2 marks)

Provide two explanations for the manner in which the frontal lobe regulates emotions.

Question 3 (4 marks)

a. Describe in detail, the manner in which a PET scan generates a functional image of the brain

2 marks

b. Describe one advantage of a PET scan over an MRI scan

1 mark

c. Describe one disadvantage of using a PET scan in comparison to an fMRI.

1 mark

Question 4 (2 marks)

Identify both an internal and external factor that can affect mental health

Internal

Unit 1 Psychology 2017 epsych trial exam www.epsychvce.com

page # 10

External

Question 5 (3 marks)

Claudia was sitting on the grass at lunch time, when she feels a sharp pain on her pinky finger

in her left hand as a result of a bee sting.

Identify and explain how both components of her central nervous system as well as a division

of her peripheral nervous system have resulted in processing the pain from her pinky finger

Question 6 (2 marks)

Explain the neuronal function and relationship between the axon and myelin sheath

Question 7 (2 marks)

In terms of the brain vs heart debate, provide one point for each side of the debate.

Unit 1 Psychology 2017 epsych trial exam www.epsychvce.com

page # 11

Question 8 (2 marks)

Describe two key functions of the thalamus

Question 9 (2 marks)

Describe the role of synaptogenesis and synaptic pruning in frontal lobe development.

Question 10 (2 marks)

How did Harlow arrive at the conclusions that close comfort was more important in forming

attachments than provision of nourishment – briefly describe experimentally

Question 11 (2 marks)

Identify and briefly describe two characteristics of an individual who is demonstrating a

formal operational level of cognitive development – according to Piaget’s 4-stage theory.

Unit 1 Psychology 2017 epsych trial exam www.epsychvce.com

page # 12

Question 12 (2 marks)

Describe how parenting can either result in industry or Inferiority for a child according to

Erikson’s Psychosocial crises.

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